POLL-Japan firms welcome looser immigration, favour…

TOKYO, Aug 20 – Most Japanese companies support loosening the country’s tight immigration system to cope with a labour shortage, but they favour white-collar workers over unskilled labourers, a Reuters poll shows. Below are the questions and answers to a poll conducted by Nikkei Research between Aug 1-14 for Reuters. Answers are denoted in percentage points, while the poll and reply totals are represented in actual figures. 1. Do you employ foreign workers at present? Sectors Yes No Polled Replied All 57 43 483 256 Manufacturers 63 37 250 141 Non-Manufacturers 49 51 233 115 2. Will you make use of unskilled foreign workers to cope with labour shortages on condition they are given the sort of labour rights afforded to Japanese workers? Sectors Yes, positively No, not really Polled Replied All 38 62 483 243 Manufacturers 40 60 250 131 Non-Manufacturers 35 65 233 112 3a. If you employ foreign workers, will you help them secure housing? Sectors Yes, positively Not really Polled Replied All 56 44 400 232 Manufacturers 61 39 200 129 Non-Manufacturers 49 51 200 103 3b. If you employ foreign workers, will you help them study Japanese language? Sectors Yes, positively Not really Polled Replied All 45 55 483 233 Manufacturers 51 49 250 129 Non-Manufacturers 38 63 233 104 3c. If you employ foreign workers, will you reward them the same as Japanese workers or even more? Sectors Yes, positively Not really Polled Replied All 38 62 483 230 Manufacturers 38 63 250 128 Non-Manufacturers 39 61 233 102 4. Are you in favour of accepting immigrants by allowing foreign workers with families to settle for an indefinite period of time? Sectors Yes No Polled Replied All 60 40 483 233 Manufacturers 63 38 250 128 Non-Manufacturers 56 44 233 105 5. Is recent freakish weather, such as the heat wave in Japan and other countries, affecting sales at your business? (Pick one) Sectors Quite Somewhat No impact Somewhat Quite Polled Replied positively positively negatively badly All 1 12 65 20 2 483 255 Manufacturers 1 11 74 14 1 250 140 Non-Manufacturers 1 14 54 29 3 233 115 6. Do recent abnormal weather and natural disasters warrant government efforts to boost national resilience by building infrastructure? (Pick one) Sectors Yes, Yes, to a Not really Not at all Polled Replied greatly degree All 43 52 5 0 483 252 Manufacturers 49 46 5 0 250 139 Non-Manufacturers 36 58 4 1 233 113 7a. If the government proceeds with infrastructure investment to boost national resilience, how should it balance such spending with efforts to curb budget deficits? (Pick one) Sectors No choice but Must cut other Should raise tax to Others Polled Replied expand budget spending to secure fund infrastructure deficits infrastructure funding spending All 10 77 7 5 483 247 Manufacturers 10 77 7 5 250 137 Non-Manufacturers 10 77 7 5 233 110 7b. In what areas are spending cuts needed if you opt to cut other expenditure to fund infrastructure investment? Sectors Defence Education Social Public works other than Others Polled Replied Security boosting infrastructure All 23 2 11 59 6 483 186 Manufacturers 24 2 9 61 4 250 103 Non-Manufacturers 20 2 13 55 8 233 83 (Reporting by Tetsushi Kajimoto and Izumi Nakagawa; Editing by Neil Fullick)

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